Posted by Melissa Hall in #YHSafetyTips, Jun 05, 2019
A Job Safety Analysis focuses on the relationship between the work, the task, the tools, and the work environment and aims to identify hazards before they occur. After hazards are identified, a determination is made on how to control or eliminate the hazards. Regularly conducting a Job Safety Analysis can help you control or eliminate hazards in the workplace and reduce the risk of an accident.
Investing in a Job Safety Analysis can help cut down on the costs of a workplace accident or fatality including:
- Lost wages
- Workers’ compensation
- Low employee moral
- A decrease in productivity
- Work force shortages
Conducting a Job Safety Analysis
- Identify the types of jobs and activities that could be considered high risk
Review OSHA standards for your industry, i.e.:
Review accident history
- Jobs with high injury rates
- Jobs with potential to cause severe injuries
- Job where one human error could lead to accident or severe injury
- Jobs that are new or have undergone process changes
- Jobs that require written instruction
Outline the steps or tasks of each job
- Accidents + Occupational Illnesses that required treatment
- Loses that required repair or replacement
- Near Misses
Document your answers to the following questions for each job
- Watch the employee perform the job and list out each step
- Photos or a video serve as references for more complicated processes
- Review the steps with the employee responsible for the job to check for accuracy
- What can go wrong when performing this job or activity?
- What are the consequences?
- What circumstances could cause the hazard to occur?
- Are there any other contributing factors?
- What is the likelihood that a hazard will occur?
Finally, your job doesn’t stop once a Job Safety Analysis is complete. Once hazards have been identified, you must take the steps needed to control or eliminate the hazard in the future.
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